VIEW OF KOROLEV CRATER
The European Space Agency (ESA) has released an eye-opening pair of new photos that show a massive crater of water ice on Mars. The crater measures 51 miles (83km) across and contains a 1.1-mile-thick (1.8km) mount of water ice all year round.
The ESA estimates that the crater contains 528 cubic miles (2,200 cubic kilometers) of water ice.
Top View Korolev crater
The composite photos of Korolev crater were captured by the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) over a series of orbits around the Red Planet earlier in 2018 (starting at the beginning of April). During each of the orbits, the camera captured a strip of imagery. Five such strips were combined to create the two photos.
“This ever-icy presence is due to an interesting phenomenon known as a ‘cold trap’, which occurs as the name suggests,” the ESA writes. “The crater’s floor is deep, lying some two kilometers vertically beneath its rim. The very deepest parts of Korolev crater, those containing ice, act as a natural cold trap: the air moving over the deposit of ice cools down and sinks, creating a layer of cold air that sits directly above the ice itself.
“Behaving as a shield, this layer helps the ice remain stable and stops it from heating up and disappearing. Air is a poor conductor of heat, exacerbating this effect and keeping Korolev crater permanently icy.”
A GRAINY image of a bird-like creature with a four-foot long neck has led a top military historian to announce the mystery of the Loch Ness Monster has finally been solved.
(Image: Ricky Phillips/Facebook)
Ricky D Phillips was in the middle of conducting a tour of the famous Scottish loch when a beast with a long neck matching the description of the mystical creature emerged out of the freezing cold water. Quick-thinking Mr Phillips stopped the tour and fished out his mobile to take the astonishing picture that he said shows the creature had a head “the size of a rugby ball”. Mr Phillips, 39, who wrote warfare books such as The First Casualty, told The Sun his image puts an end to the years-old debate of whether the Loch Ness Monster exists. He said: “It was a grey creature – almost bird-like – in a grey stretch of water. “Its neck was three to four feet long and had a head the size of a rugby ball and a ridge across its eyes. I was baffled.
“I know dinosaurs came from birds and that many had hard lips, almost like a beak – but this is simply what I saw. It seems to have almost a frill on its neck. It is very odd.” He said the day before he took the snap on Wednesday last week he “heard a strange noise” as he stood at the edge of the loch in Fort Augustus.
He added that he had “swum and sailed with whales and dolphins and seen hundreds of seals” but the sound “sounded like nothing he had ever heard”.
Mr Phillips added that the following day he went to the river Oich when he claimed he saw the magnificent creature.
The Official Loch Ness Monster Sightings Register, which logged 11 sighting of the beast this year, has accepted the image provided by Mr Philips.
Gary Campbell, the recorder and keeper of the register, said: “Mr Phillips is an experienced tour guide and historian who knows the area well and this gives it extra credibility.”
Mr Campbell also said sightings are now at a level that were being recorded in the 1990s and he believes “more visitors to the Highlands” may have something to do with it.
Tales of the Loch Ness Monster have dumbfounded scientists for years after the famous black and white image of it surfaced in 1934.
The first purported photo of Nessie was published in The Daily Mail on April 21